Words with 「ぬ」 ending.
  • Can someone explain whats the meaning of the word with 「ぬ」 ending and how to use it?
    For example 「消えぬ」.

    Please give me several example so that I can understand more easily.
    Thank you very much.
  • The ぬ ending here is a vestige of Classical and Old Japanese, where it was used to mark the perfective or resultative aspect. That is, it tended to mark the completion of an action. So the difference between 消える and 消えぬ would be that the first marks an ongoing or uncompleted event ("vanishing"), while the second implies that the event has finished ("vanished completely").

    消える人 "a person who is vanishing" (they're fading away)
    消えぬ人 "a vanished person" (they're completely gone)

    When ぬ comes after the stem of a negative verb (i.e. the Mizenkei or Irrealis a-form), it marks negation. So instead of 書かない you would get 書かぬ. The second tends to only be used attributively, so you would normally write things like 書かぬ人 "person who does not write", but not *手紙を書かぬ "(I) don't write letters". In Western dialects, this literary ぬ becomes ん, and can be used in all the same ways as the standard ない ending.
  • As a note, with the Shuushikei ([sentence] ending form) of ぬ being ず
    *手紙を書かぬ → 手紙(を)書か(ず・ざり)。
  • Thank you very much. It really helps me a lot.
    Thanks again.

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