Passive AND Potential?
  • Hey guys, I'm doing some translation work for practice, and I've come across a word that, according to Rikaichan (a Firefox addon), is either potential or passive. The word in question is 捉えられた (とらえられた/とらえ). Is it possible for a verb to be both passive and potential? Thanks for the answer in advance.
  • ichidan verbs (or whatever you prefer to call them: verbs ending in る that conjugate like 食べる), technically have the same conjugation for potential and passive. Which is meant is usually clear from context.

    In casual situations the ら is often dropped from the passive form (only, the passive stays the same), making the conjugation the same as a godan verb like 走る. Don't do this in an exam or anything, but you will see it.

    I have seen Rikaichan's de-conjugator muck up sometimes - I think it gets confused with godan verbs ending in る - so it's best not to rely on it.
  • Good explanation from jenlit. Just a slight typo where it should be:
    In casual situations the ら is often dropped from the potential form.

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